How to Brine a Turkey

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  • Thanksgiving turkey recipes have sure come a long way. Thanksgiving dinner, in general, has come a long way!

    What Does Brining Do?

    Simple brine for turkey can be as easy as dissolving salt in water or as complicated as a two-day process of an herb infused brine and then allowing for an air dry for the perfect, crispy turkey skin.

    How to Brine a Turkey- a step-by-step guide for brining turkey, tips for a better turkey, how to brown turkey skin and a recipe for juicy turkey. #turkeybrinerecipe #thanksgivingturkeyrecipe

    Is it worth it to brine a turkey? I think so! Many others would agree with me. While there are many ways to keep your turkey moist and succulent, brining is probably the best way. It adds flavor from the skin to the bone- no rub or injection offers that.

    This article will give you the basic tools on how to brine a turkey, the best turkey brine recipe ever and tips for brining a turkey regardless of what recipe you use.

    Turkey Brine vs. Rub vs. Injection

    Is it just me, or did brining a turkey not become a “thing” until a few years ago? The newest in turkey trends. What will be next?

    As far as I can remember, turkey rubs were fairly basic, you may or may not stuff the cavity and then in went the bird to soak up all its own juices. Nothing fancy.

    Then came the famous Cajun injection to really get those flavors down in the skin using surgical precision.

    Not gonna lie, I still inject my bird on occasion when I am running short on time and can’t brine, but make my own turkey injection recipe.

    Growing up we even had a giant turkey roaster to provide more space in the kitchen oven on turkey day. This giant contraption was only lugged out once a year and made its home on top of the washer in the basement.

    Oh, family holiday memories. Smells came wafting up the stairs and if we even went within 20 feet, we’d get yelled out to “not burn yourself!”

    Things have changed and so have turkey trends and fads. Now days you are expected to spice, rub, inject and brine before you slow roast, spatchcock or fry your turkey.

    Have you ever wondered how to fry a turkey? Let me rephrase that... have you ever wondered how to safely fry a turkey? After years of fried turkey recipes, I'm here to share our easy step-by-step instructions for perfect fried turkey. Have you ever wondered how to fry a turkey? Here are easy step-by-step instructions that can be used with any fried turkey recipe. Why should you fry turkey? Fried turkey is faster, some would argue easier and results in the best crispy turkey skin ever! The downside to frying turkey is that it can be dangerous, so making sure you remain safe is key. Did you know that the majority of emergency room visits on Thanksgiving are from fried turkey injuries? With that said, don't be discouraged. There are millions of safely fried and delicious turkeys every year! The first thing you need to do is decide on a recipe. A fried turkey recipe can be as simple as a salt and pepper rub, simple turkey injection.  At our house, we throw a Friendsgiving and use a  24 hour brine and turkey rub. Here are my tips to HOW TO FRY A TURKEY and ensure you will NOT burn your house down or end up in the emergency room. Read ALL of the directions prior to starting. The biggest key to frying a turkey safely is to be prepared. Happy Thanksgiving! How to Fry a Turkey: EQUIPMENT.  Make sure you have all of the correct equipment. I recommend buying a fryer specific for turkey frying. Around thanksgiving you can find these anywhere. The only three essential items it does not come with are the propane tank, work gloves and a Class B Fire Extinguisher (for chemical fires). It will have the correct hoses, fry basket, hook and thermometer. This can be used for other things throughout the year other than frying turkey. We have steamed oysters, clams and lobsters. We have also used it to fry large quantities of food for other large parties. You can make bags of frozen french fries in under 10 minutes. LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION. Choose the correct place to fry your turkey. Under NO circumstances should you fry a turkey indoors, EVER! Don't even do this in your garage. I recommend a nice open space. If you are outside in an area with a covering, make sure it is at least 10 feet high and there is ample air circulation around the area. You want to be at least 10 feet away from any building or item that could catch on fire.                                                                                                 Water + hot oil = a hot mess. If it is raining, cancel your turkey frying and come up with a back-up plan. Make sure the surface you set the fryer on is flat and even. To avoid grease stains you can lay down cardboard directly under the fryer. If it is windy on the day you fry you can anchor the fryer with large rocks (do not use anything that is flammable).                   Lastly, make sure there are no children or pets allowed near the fryer or area where you are frying. All you need is Fido to go chasing after a squirrel and you will have a serious problem on your hands. ATTIRE. Be safe by wearing clothing with no exposed skin. Even the best prepared turkey fryers get hit with a spit of grease once and while. Wear closed toe shoes, long sleeves and pants. If you have long hair, tie it back. Wear heavy duty grilling gloves to protect your hands as they will be in the closest contact with the oil. I like these because they move better than all rubber or latex. Having better control means less chance of an accident. THE TURKEY. Turkey preparation is key for fried turkey. First and foremost, make sure you turkey is FULLY defrosted. Either buy a fresh, never frozen bird or defrost in the refrigerator for 2 days prior to frying. A turkey ice cube will literally torpedo out of your pot and cause damage and fire. Remove all giblets and the plastic tie for the legs, replace this with cooking twine or metal (plastic melts.) For the same reason that you can not fry in the rain, you want to make sure any excess liquid is patted off the turkey surface both inside and out with a paper towel. Depending on the preparation you choose: brining, marinating, rubbing or injecting, the liquids inside the turkey flesh are okay, just make sure any exposed areas outside and inside cavity are as dry as possible. Of course, this is impossible to complete, just do the best you can. If you use a rub, it needs to be a dry rub applied after the turkey has been patted dry, for best results, rub it under the skin so it doesn't just fall off into the grease. MEASURE THE OIL FIRST. Buy enough oil, but make sure you measure it out BEFORE your cook the turkey. Most fires come from people lowering the bird into the oil and the oil overflowing. Instead, put your bird in the fryer before you start preparing it and then pour water over top until the water covers the bird, plus one inch. Remove the bird and make a mental note of how high the water is. That is how much oil you will need to prepare when you are ready to start frying. Don't "wing it", it may take more time, but it will prevent serious injury or damage in the long run. COOKING. Heat oil to 350 degrees. Carefully lower the turkey into the fryer. Fry turkey for 3 minutes per pound. Some recommend adding an extra 5 minutes to account for the drop in temperature when the turkey is initially entered. The skin will be dark and crispy if you used the rub. A rub-less turkey will be a lighter brown, but still crispy. I like to be super sure it is fully cooked by using a meat thermometer (away from bone) to make sure it registers at 165 degrees. Some turkeys will still have a slight pink around the bones. This is okay, especially for a young turkey, as long as it has reached the proper temperature. Remove the whole basket very slowly, being careful to not spill oil. Transfer turkey to a rimmed baking sheet and leave the hot basket outdoors until cool. REST. Allow that bird to rest for a good, long time; a minimum of 15 minutes. Don't worry, your fried turkey will still be hot.  At my house, the bird usually gets devoured before anyone has a chance to artistically plate it, but can also carve it!   How to Put out a Turkey Fire (just in case...):  Turn off propane. Cover with lid; fire can't continue to burn without oxygen. Use a Class B Fire Extinguisher. Leave the area and call 911.

    How Should I Cook My Turkey?

    I am no exception to the rule and have fallen victim to experimenting with the next great thing. Mainly for one reason: I don’t really care for turkey.

    However, I am adventurous and determined to find a turkey preparation that I DO enjoy.

    One of my reasons for not like the gobble gobble is that it all too frequently ends up dry. Solution: brining your turkey.

    How to Brine a Turkey- a step-by-step guide for brining turkey, tips for a better turkey, how to brown turkey skin and a recipe for juicy turkey. #turkeybrinerecipe #thanksgivingturkeyrecipe

    Best Turkey Brine Recipe

    I set out to find a the best brine recipe ever for the juiciest turkey. The basics of a brine solution are using cold water and infusing it with salt, sugar and flavor.

    The general rule is 1 cup of large, coarse salt for every gallon of water. Yes, the type of salt does matter. Other ingredients include:

    • Paprika
    • Chili powder
    • Garlic powder
    • Onion
    • Oregano
    • Thyme
    • Fresh garlic
    • Brown sugar
    • Bay leaves
    • Kosher salt (I like Diamond Crystal)

    There are some optional flavor add-ons on the actual recipe. I also have a another list of wet and dry turkey brines that are equally delicious.

    Through the process of osmosis, your bird will be infused with all the flavors added and give you succulent and juicy meat from the legs to the breast, bone to skin.

    This is a smoked turkey brine, roasted turkey brine or even fried turkey brine recipe. Use it by itself or in addition to any other turkey recipe or turkey seasoning you wish!

    How to Brine a Turkey- a step-by-step guide for brining turkey, tips for a better turkey, how to brown turkey skin and a recipe for juicy turkey. #turkeybrinerecipe #thanksgivingturkeyrecipe

    How To Brine A Turkey

    After assembling the brine and allowing it to cool, the process is simple.

    How much turkey brine do I need? You need about 1 gallon for every 10 pounds of turkey. This turkey brine is for a 12 pound bird.

    You can use the drop down box at the top to change the amount and all of the ingredient amounts will update.

    Where do I brine my turkey? You can most likely have some something to brine a turkey in at home. There are three main ways people use: a brining bags, a stock pot or a cooler.

    Brining bags can be found online or at the store, although they tend to sell out fast. Place your turkey in a bag and then another roasting dish in case anything leaks.

    If you can’t find turkey brining bags, you can use a garbage bag in a pinch.

    You can also use a large stock pot, if your turkey fits and the stock pot fits into your fridge. Remember, the turkey needs to stay chilled for the duration of brining, so plan some space in the fridge!

    Some people wonder it gives it a metallic taste, but I do not think so.

    Some people also use a cooler. You can do this, but you will need A LOT more liquid and to stay on top of keeping it chilled. If it is cold enough where you live, you might able to just put it outside.

    But if not, you will need to add lots of ice and add more salt and herbs because every time you add ice, you are diluting the brine.

    Obviously, make sure the cooler is very, very clean and disinfected.

    Close up of sliced turkey for dinner on a white plate

    How Long to Brine a Turkey

    The short answer is overnight up to 24 hours and this is dependant on how large your turkey is. A bigger bird needs more time to soak.

    Can you brine a turkey too long? It is relatively hard to hurt the turkey, but yes, you can brine for too long. The result will be a tougher and salty bird. I recommend only 24 hours for a large turkey. For a super large bird you can push it a little longer.

    Brining a turkey for too long will make it too salty and the texture tough and spongy. You have to find the sweet spot.

    Tips for Brining Turkey:

    One- Wet Brine. This technique is called wet brining. If you’ve ever wondered how to keep a turkey from drying out, wet brining is the answer and will result in the juiciest turkey ever!

    Wet brining adds moisture to your turkey- nearly an entire pound of it for a 12 pound bird. The only downfall to wet brining a is not getting crispy turkey skin.

    But don’t worry, I have a solution so you can have a juicy turkey and browned, crispy turkey skin.

    TWO- Use Kosher Salt. Not all salt is created equal. Salts have different flavor profiles, chemical structures, shapes, ability to dissolve (although they all will eventually) and sizes, resulting in varying density.

    On tablespoon of Kosher salt is not the same as one tablespoon of table salt. Make sure to use Kosher salt with larger crystals to get the correct salt to water ratio for brine, which is 1 heaping tablespoon of kosher salt for every cup of water or 1 cup for every gallon of water.

    Sliced turkey breast for Thanksgiving dinner

    THREE- Add flavor. The types of flavor you can add to your brine are endless. For a simple brine recipe using just salt and water, there is no need to boil because the salt will dissolve regardless, but for more flavor, boiling is ideal to infuse water.

    FOUR- How Make the Crispiest Turkey Skin. Because brining adds to much moisture and flavor, it also makes the skin super wet and prevents browned, crispy skin.

    To get the best of both worlds, brine your turkey for 24 hours, then remove from brine and allow to dry out, uncovered, in the refrigerator for an additional 24 hours.

    Then rub with compound butter. Do not baste during the cooking process.

    FIVE- How to make turkey stock. And after you are all finished, save the bones to make Turkey Stock and Turkey Noodle Soup, the quickest and tastiest way to use up leftovers!

    In summary, tips for bring a turkey:

    1. Make a wet brine.
    2. Use kosher salt.
    3. Add flavor and aromatics.
    4. Make a juicy turkey with crispy skin.
    5. Don’t waste your bird- make turkey stock!


    Brining Bags– These are helpful to save space or if you have a huge turkey!

    Large Stock Pot– A large stock pot is a kitchen essential not only for making stock, but also for brining and make large batches of sauces and steaming thing like whole lobster or crab.

    Roasting Pan– A large roasting pan is perfect for roasting turkey, but also chicken and one pot meals for large parties.

    Injector– Sometimes brining or marinating doesn’t really get flavor to all the meat (although a full brine should), have an injector on hand just in case!

    Cooking Twine– Keep those birds and roasts held tight with cooking twine. This ensures even cooking!

    Have you ever wondered how to fry a turkey? Here are easy step-by-step instructions that can be used with any fried turkey recipe. #howtofryaturkey #friedturkeyrecipe
    Fried Turkey Recipe

    More questions you might have….

    How to brine turkey parts or how to brine turkey breast? I bet you will guess this answer! The same way you brine a whole turkey! If you are only using a small amount, you can cut the recipe in half.

    What is a basic roasting recipe? Rub your turkey with a compound butter or dry rub, stuff it with desired herbs and vegetables.

    Preheat oven to 325 degrees and follow the times below depending on whether it is stuffed and size.

    Check with a meat thermometer to make sure it reaches an internal temperture of 175 degrees. Then remove and allow to rest for at least 20 minutes before carving.

    How to Roast a Turkey

    Can you brine turkey breast? You can brine any meat! In fact, use this same brine recipe for turkey breast, chicken and even pork. Cut the recipe into a quarter and there you go!

    Also check out my holiday turkey breast recipes:

    Sliced stuffed roast turkey breast

    What is the difference between a wet brine and a dry brine? A wet brine, is well, wet and sues water, while a dry brine is basically a dry rub using a lot of salt.

    Why add sugar to the brine? Sugar improves flavors and also aids in the beautiful browning of the skin.

    Do brined turkeys cook faster? Nope, it still takes the same amount of time to cook a turkey regardless of whether you brined or not.

    I’ve seen some posts suggesting that they cook faster, but this is a myth.

    Can you reuse turkey brine? NO! This is raw meat and a marinade just like others. The brine can be easily contaminated and contaminate your food. Discard turkey brine after one use.

    Can you brine a turkey when it is frozen? You want your turkey to be as thawed as possible. If it is frozen, the brine doesn’t have a way to penetrate into the turkey.

    It is a little frozen, it is ok, but remember the ice left inside that still needs to thaw will dilute the brine, so compensate by adding a little more salt. 

    Do you have recipe for roast turkey? Here are my best Turkey recipes:

    Recipes to Serve with Turkey

    Red Wine Gravy | Easy Dinner Rolls | Fried Turkey | Pumpkin Cheesecake | The BEST Apple Pie | Sweet Potato Casserole with Pecans

    This easy Pumpkin Cheesecake recipe features a gingersnap crust topped, salty pumpkin seeds, and pumpkin spiced whipped cream. Simple and delicious! #pumpkincheescake #cheesecake #gingersnaps

    Cast Iron Sweet Potatoes with Honey and Cinnamon | Mascarpone Mashed Potatoes | How to (Safely) Fry a Turkey  | Cranberry Relish Green Bean Casserole | Cinnamon Sore Throat Tea

    bowl of cranberry relish in a white bowl

    Green Beans with Mascarpone Cream Sauce | Cheese Chile Cornbread Casserole | Pumpkin Cheesecake | Chinese Sausage Stuffing  | Garlic Butter Brussels Sprouts | Herbed Stuffing Wreath | 25 of the Best Make Ahead Thanksgiving Casseroles | Holiday Cocktails & Mocktails

    stuffing wreath

    Also check out our LONG lists of Thanksgiving Appetizers and also desserts!

    We hope you have a fabulous Thanksgiving and know you might still have questions. Feel free to email me at, but remember, I am hosting my own Thanksgiving feast, so I might not respond immediately. I will get back to you though!

    “Bird is the word.” – Jessica F.

    How to Brine a Turkey- a step-by-step guide for brining turkey, tips for a better turkey, how to brown turkey skin and a recipe for juicy turkey. #turkeybrinerecipe #thanksgivingturkeyrecipe


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    How to Brine a Turkey- a step-by-step guide for brining turkey, tips for a better turkey, how to brown turkey skin and a recipe for juicy turkey. #turkeybrinerecipe #thanksgivingturkeyrecipe
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    4.32 from 176 votes

    How to Brine a Turkey

    The best turkey brine recipe and step-by-step instructions for how to brine a turkey for roasting or frying.
    Prep Time2 hrs
    Brining Time1 d 9 hrs 20 mins
    Total Time2 hrs
    Course: Main Course, Main Dish
    Cuisine: American
    Keyword: brined turkey, how to brine a turkey, turkey brine recipe
    Servings: 10 people
    Calories: 579kcal
    Author: Jessica Formicola


    Optional Add-Ins


    • Remove plastic wrap, gizzard and neck. Rinse well with cold water. Place into brining bag placed, large baking dish or large stock pot. Make sure you have enough space to place whatever you use into the refrigerator. 
    • Bring 16 cups of water to a rapid boil in a large stock pot. Whisk in paprika, chile powder, garlic powder, onion, oregano, thyme, garlic cloves, brown sugar, bay leaves and kosher salt. Also add any additional optional add-ins. Continue to boil for 15-20 minutes. Remove from heat, allow to cool slightly (approximately 10-15 minutes) then add 4 cups of ice.
    • When brine has reached room temperature carefully pour into brining bag (or whatever you are using to place it into the fridge) with turkey (this is a two person job.) Tightly pull bag up around the turkey, forcing the brine to fully encase the bird. Twist the top around a few times and then tie tightly with twine. Place in refrigerator for 24 hours. *
    • Remove from brine and rinse with cold water. Pat dry and then prepare your turkey according to desired recipe. 
    • If you’ve tried this recipe, come back and give it a rating and tell us how it was! 



    • If the brine will not completely embrace the turkey you can rig it with other items. I used a small cup, shot glass and cheese grater to make sure the brine fully encompassed the turkey.


    Calories: 579kcal | Carbohydrates: 8g | Protein: 84g | Fat: 22g | Saturated Fat: 5g | Cholesterol: 278mg | Sodium: 8957mg | Potassium: 936mg | Sugar: 6g | Vitamin A: 810IU | Vitamin C: 1.6mg | Calcium: 74mg | Iron: 3.9mg

    How to Brine a Turkey- a step-by-step guide for brining turkey, tips for a better turkey, how to brown turkey skin and a recipe for juicy turkey. #turkeybrinerecipe #thanksgivingturkeyrecipe
    Here are the tools you need to brine a turkey!

    Brining bag packaging

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