How to Steam Lobster

You have a special night planned and your brain goes to what equates to “fancy dinner”. Lobster, of course!

three steamed lobster lined up on lettuce with lemons and drawn butter


 

A bright red beacon, steamed lobster is quite the attention grabber.

But there are a few things you should know before you decide to make a whole lobster for your special occasion… especially if you’ve never done it before.

I’m not trying to scare you off. I love making (and eating) whole lobster. It is a social experience and should be a fun family event. I just pride myself on being honest and I don’t want you to commit to something you might not enjoy.

steamed lobster claws with clarified butter

Before you get started…

ONE. Most lobster is sold live. Some places will steam it for you, but it is certainly best right after cooking and not reheated. This means you will be dispatching (killing) the lobster yourself.

TWO. Eating whole lobster is messy. Water from steaming (or boiling), tomalley, organs and intestines are all in there along with its buttery meat.

You know when you devein a shrimp? Well, lobsters have the same issue and some might be carrying quite the load. Not so romantic.

And then there is the fussing with shell. You’ll need some sort of pick and a cracker. I also suggest a dish towel to protect your hands while cracking. If you have picked crabs before, it is similar, but with a little more water because there is a lot more room inside the shell of a lobster.

THREE. The claws and the tail have the most meat. You can expect to get about 3/4 cup of meat out of a 1 1/2 pound live lobster.

If any of these things aren’t appealing to you, then just buy a lobster tail and be done with it. A little less presentation, but also less work. If you are in it for fun, read on!

Prepping your Lobster

This is the nice way of saying you are going to have to kill the lobster and if you don’t have the will to do this, I won’t judge you, but it needs to happen.

There is a lot of discussion on how to humanely kill a lobster and when it comes down to it, there are 3 ways that are considered to be acceptable, some more than others.

whole lobster with lobster tools on a marble slab

First, let it be known that experts believe that lobsters do not feel pain, although they do sense changes in temperature. Their nervous system is purely skeletal and resembles that of an insect. They also have no brains. You can be scared or feel pain without a place to process it.

They also do not have vocal chords, so the myth that they will scream when put in the pot is also false. There might be noise, but it is just spitting of the cold lobster going into a hot pot.

Whatever you do, keep your lobster cold in the fridge until you are ready to do it. This slows down their reflexes and keeps them calm. When making a steamed lobster or whole lobster options 1 and 2 are your best bets.

Boil. The thought of boiling something alive seems alarming, but many chefs will tell you that head first into the hot water (or steam pot) is actually the best way to go for you and the lobster. However, many folks think this is outdated and inhumane.

placing a whole lobster in a steam pot

Knife Behind the Eyes– If you look at the back of a lobster, you’ll see a little cross in the shell. Aim there with a chef’s knife and stab in the middle. This disconnects the nervous system immediately. Some will say it is stabbing them in the brain, but they don’t have a brain so that isn’t possible.

Their legs may move around a little, this is purely reflex. They are now dead.

where do I stab a lobster to kill it?

Cut off the Tail- Others just use a clever and cut off the tail. Other legs might move as a reflex, this is normal.

How to Cook Lobster

How long you will cook the lobster depends on how large the lobster is and what technique you are using. Here we are steaming lobster which takes a little longer than other methods, but is the most gentle and will yields sweet, delicate meat.

First, you’ll need a large, high pot about 4-5 gallons. A large stock pot or even a turkey frying pot will work. Fill the bottom with about 2-3 inches of water or other liquid options and salt. If you were on the ocean or in Maine, they would probably use sea water.

I like to use alcohol, whether it be beer, wine or sparkling wine. It can result in sweeter meat and the alcohol will burning off while cooking. If you omit this, add more water to the pot.

A lobster on a table

Place a steam basket or steaming rack at the bottom. Bring water to a boil. If you are putting live lobsters into the pot, keep the bands on its claws to protect yourself. If you stab them first, you can remove the bands before cooking.

When steaming or boiling, add lobsters, head first into the pot and cover. Cook according to chart. As you can see it is about 10 minutes plus 2 minutes for every quarter pound.

If cooking multiple and one is more on top than the other, make sure to open halfway through cooking to rearrange them so they cook evenly. This accounts individual lobster size, not total lobster size. Try to get lobsters that are similar in weight.

Lobster Cooking Time

Lobster SizeSteam Time
1 pound10 minutes
1 1/4 pound12 minutes
1 1/2 pound14 minutes
1 3/4 pound16 minutes
2 pounds 18 minutes
2 1/4 pounds20 minutes
2 1/2 pounds22 minutes
2 3/4 pounds24 minutes
3 pounds26 minutes

How to Eat Lobster

OK, so now you’ve cooked your live lobster and have this glorious beauty sitting on a plate. What’s next?

Before you get started eating your lobster, know that there will be water and there will be mess. Have some paper towels ready and be in a work space that can stand to get a little dirty, like a large cutting board.

ONE. Twist off large claws, set aside.

TWO. Twist off the tail. It should remove easily with just a little wrist action- no special tools needed. You now have 4 large pieces- the body, tail and two claws.

lobster in four pieces

THREE. I like to start with the tail because this is the largest piece of whole meat. Place the tail with bottom side down, smooth, pretty side up. Using both hands, squish the bottom, thinner shell together.

It will collapse easily and the top of the shell should easily remove from the meat leaving you will a whole piece of tail meat. If you notice a lot of black- that is the intestine and can be removed.

meat removed from a lobster tail

FOUR. Next, the claws, because they also carry a good amount of meat. Wiggle smaller hinged portion of each claw to separate. It usually comes out with a tendon and sometimes meat.

Break open claws using a cracking tool, cracking 1 side and then flipping them to crack other side, and remove meat. You might need to use a pick, skewer or fork to get smaller pieces.

meat removed from a lobster claw

FIVE. Now, the legs. The least amount of meat is in the legs and some folks don’t even bother, but real lobster lovers leave no meat behind. The larger legs that were attached to the claws have the most bang for your buck, so start there.

Break open each knuckle and wiggle out as much meat as you can, poking through with a skewer or seafood fork. If you are at home, you can roll smaller legs with a rolling pins and the meat will push out the end.

SIX. Lastly, the body. Many will toss the body aside and I don’t blame you. Sometimes you’ll hit the jackpot and other times you’ll get nothing. The body is also great to keep if you plan to make a seafood stock.

This is kind of like picking blue crabs, avoid the feathery looking pieces on the side, these are the lungs and inedible. Looks between the little cartilage lined pieces on the side and you might find pockets of meat.

legs and head from a lobster

While lobster meat is sweet and tender on its own, many people like to dip it in butter. You can use it for toppings or even toss it into pasta, like my Mediterranean Lobster Ravioli.

Lobster Tomalley

What is the green stuff in a lobster? It is the digestive organs and collectively known as tomalley. In crabs it is the yellow stuff called “mustard”.

It is edible, but experts suggest limiting your intake since it can be higher in mercury or cause an illness called paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) if the lobster has eaten other bottom feeders during red tide. The occurrence is low, but it happens. Do you like to live on the wild side??

close up of steamed lobsters

Tomalley can be eaten straight. It is creamy and tastes like lobster meat just with a different texture. It is also used to add lobster flavor in sauces and butter. Lobster butter is made with simmered shells and tomalley. You can also whip it into a compound butter and use it to baste breads or other butter worthy objects and steaks.

What to Serve with Lobster

Sometimes it is called a lobster bake and some of the most popular items are steamed shrimp, boiled corn, roasted potatoes and coleslaw!

But of course, you can really serve it with anything you’d like.

More lobster recipes:

side angle of baked cod topped with lump lobster meat

Baked Cod with Lobster Topping

Tender Bake Cod topped with buttery lobster chunks in a creamy topping and finished with velvety beurre blanc sauce.
See The Recipe!
overhead shot of cold lobster salad

Cold Lobster Salad

Lobster Salad is perfect for a light lunch or dinner! Serve on top of greens or even in a roll, which is known as a Cold Lobster Roll or New England Roll.
See The Recipe!
overhead of hot lobster roll

Hot Lobster Roll

Perfect for a light lunch or dinner and served on a split top bun, the BEST Hot Lobster Rolls are a regional dish popular dish from Connecticut!
See The Recipe!
steamed lobsters for pinterest
close up of steamed lobster for pinterest
A lobster on a table

Whole Steamed Lobster

3.95 from 17 votes
How to humanely kill a live lobster, how to steam lobster, lobster cooking times and step-by-step images for eating whole lobster!
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 20 minutes
Total Time: 30 minutes
Servings: 1

Ingredients

Instructions

  • Find a large, high pot about 4-5 gallons. A large stock pot or even a turkey frying pot will work. Fill the bottom with about 2-3 inches of water or other liquid options and kosher salt.
  • Place a steam basket or steaming rack at the bottom. Bring water to a boil. If you are putting live lobsters into the pot, keep the bands on its claws to protect yourself. If you stab them first, you can remove the bands before cooking. See notes above on how to do this.
  • When boiling, add lobsters, head first into the pot and cover. Cook for 10 minutes plus 2 minutes for every quarter pound of lobster.
  • If cooking multiples and one is more on top than the other, make sure to open halfway through cooking to rearrange them so they cook evenly. This accounts individual lobster size, not total lobster size. Try to get lobster that are similar in weight.
  • Remove and allow to cool slightly before serving. Serve with a side of clarified butter for dipping.
  • If you’ve tried this technique come back and let us know how it went in the comments or ratings!

Video

Notes

Using alcohol, whether it be beer, wine or sparkling wine is totally optional. It can result in sweeter meat and the alcohol will burning off while cooking. If you omit this, add more water to the pot.

Nutrition

Calories: 245 kcal, Carbohydrates: 6 g, Protein: 32 g, Fat: 1 g, Saturated Fat: 1 g, Cholesterol: 242 mg, Sodium: 7796 mg, Potassium: 452 mg, Sugar: 1 g, Calcium: 174 mg, Iron: 1 mg
Author: Jessica Formicola
Calories: 245
Course: Main Course, Main Dish
Cuisine: American
Keyword: boiled lobster, steamed lobster, whole lobster
Did you make this recipe?I’d love to see your recipes – snap a picture and mention @savoryexperiments or tag #savoryexperiments!
how to steam a lobster for pinterest
Jessica Formicola in her ktichen

About the Author

Jessica Formicola

Jessica the mom, wife and chef behind Savory Experiments. You might see her on the Emmy- nominated TV show Plate It! or on bookshelves as a cookbook author. Jessica is a Le Cordon Bleu certified recipe developer and regularly contributed to Parade, Better Homes & Gardens, The Daily Meal and more!

Read More About Jessica

3.95 from 17 votes (15 ratings without comment)

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Questions and Reviews

  1. 5 stars
    I love your method for steaming! Absolutely perfect results and you made it so much less intimidating!

  2. 5 stars
    Fascinating, informative and highly useful. I’ve only had lobster once or twice. I love that juicy meat. Will I ever get around to killing and cooking it myself? Perhaps not as I am quite squeamish, but I think it’s important to understand the process and of course, I know exactly where to come for advice if I can get over my nerves enough to prep this delicacy at home or get my husband to do it for me 🙂

    1. It surely isn’t for everyone. My goal is to have folks be prepared BEFORE they get a lobster home!