How to Caramelize Onions

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  • Super simple and absolutely delicious, if you’ve ever wondered how to caramelize onions, here’s your chance to learn!

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    Deeply flavored and golden in color, caramelized onions have a sweet flavor paired with a savory flavor. They are the perfect addition to salads, sandwiches, quesadillas, french onion soup, onion dip… the list goes on and on! Think of them as little flavor bombs.

    Caramelized Onions vs Sauteed Onions

    Caramelized onions are one of those things you eat at a restaurant and think, I should make these at home. They are pure magic in a pan. And they are not, I repeat, not just sauteed onions. They are so much more! And let it be known, they are easy for home cooks to make.

    To put it simply but technically, caramelization is the result of something called the Maillard reaction. This is a product of a chemical reaction between amino acids and sugar heating up. It is just a matter of cook time and a low temperature or a medium temperature.

    Surprisingly onions, already have some natural sugars in them, but to really drive that chemical reaction home, a small amount of sugar is added.

    A small amount of butter is added for two reasons. Fat = flavor and butter is one of the best ways to get great flavor. And secondly, the milk solids brown as the onions cook over a long period of time to get that roasty, rich flavor these onions are known for. It is also added for its amino acids to help with the maillard reaction we were chatting about.

    caramelized onions in a pan

    Best Onions to Caramelize

    Any type of onion with a good-sized bulb can be caramelized, as they all have sugar, but white onions or yellow onions are the fan favorites. I tend to use sweet onions, purely because that is what I have always used, but it is not necessary. 

    • White Onions
    • Yellow onion
    • Shallots
    • Red onions

    Best Pan

    In terms of the caramelization process, you can choose any pan. I have a few friends that swear by a stainless steel pan or even a cast iron, but a good non-stick saute pan is my choice as it is the most forgiving while you are cooking. The important thing is more the low, steady heat.

    I have seen these made in a slow cooker, but the stovetop method is the best in my opinion. Who doesn’t want their kitchen smelling like jammy onions?

    caramelized onions in a pan with a wooden spoon

    Ingredients

    • Onions – You can’t make caramelized onions without…onions! Also known as an allium, onions are relatives of scallions and garlic, and chives. Any onion variety with a bulb will absolutely work just keep in mind each one with a slightly different flavor and end result.
    • Butter – Is there anything butter can’t do?! For this recipe it is imperative to the process. You can use salted or unsalted, but I strongly suggest, using unsalted so you can salt to taste at the end of the process. The onions will cook down a ton and you don’t want them to be overly salty.
    • Sugar – White sugar or regular cane sugar are best for this recipe. Brown sugar (dark or light) both have molasses in it which might burn before the onions get to the stage you want them to be.
    • Salt – Everything needs a touch of seasoning, but adding salt here helps to start to draw out the moisture in the onions to get them well on their way to caramelization.
    • White Wine – A dry white wine is best – think sauvignon blanc or even a pinot grigio. It will add a touch of flavor and all the alcohol will completely burn off. If you don’t want to use wine, a 1 or 2 tablespoons of water will do just fine. This added liquid helps to pull any brown bits off the bottom of the pan. These are also flavor.
    close up of caramelized onions on a wooden spoon

    How to Make Caramelized Onions

    1. Melt butter. Melt a small amount of butter in large skillet over medium-low heat. Remember, slow and steady wins this race. You don’t want your butter to brown, just to get nice and foamy.
    2. Add onions. Add sliced onions, the sugar, and the salt and toss to coat lightly in melted butter. Try to get all the surface area of the onions evenly. This will ensure a good and even cook.
    3. Brown onions. Now you wait – this is the most important part. Continue heat at medium-low, toss every 5-10 minutes. If nothing is happened, increase heat slightly. If they are cooking too fast, reduce heat. They will start to brown, continue to cook, stirring to toss, slowly cooking until they are a golden brown.
    4. Let onions reduce. Onions will start to reduce. They are made mostly of water and as the water releases and evaporates, the onions will start to deflate and reduce in size.
    5. Check for caramel color. At around 20 minutes, in you will start to see your first hint of that “caramel” color you are are aiming for. 
    6. Taste test. At 45 minutes, you will have a nice brown batch of onions. Depending on your taste buds and how you intend to use your onions (or how much time you have!), you can stop at any point in time. Do a taste test first to make sure they are nice and sweet.
    collage of how to caramelize onions

    Can You Make Caramelized Onions in the Oven?

    You sure can. In fact, some people prefer it to having to tend to them on stove.

    You’ll need a good amount of heat, so set the oven to 375 degrees. Drizzle with olive oil, then bake for 30-40 minutes, stirring every once and while. You won’t get the same flavor as direct contact with a searing hot saute pan, but it will come close.

    Tips for Perfect Caramelized Onions

    1. Ideally, you would like your onions to all caramelize at the same pace. Cut the onions into uniform slices. Thicker onions take longer to cook, thinner less time to cook.
    2. This is a slow process. Trying to speed it up with produce sauteed onions, but they will lack the sweet taste you are trying to achieve. Be patient.
    3. Use a large frying pan, preferably with a heavy bottom. This provides the largest amount of cooking surface and allows you to better control the temperature.
    4. Don’t stir too much. Doing this will result in mushy onions. Use more of a tossing maneuver to rotate onions. You will need to toss more towards the end of cooking.
    5. I add a teaspoon of sugar to my onions, but many do not. Your choice, you can leave it out using only the sugar naturally produced by your onions.
    6. Depending on your pan, you may have some sticky, brownish bits stuck to the bottom of the pan. No worries, you didn’t burn your onions. Just de-glaze with a splash of white wine and scrape them up.
    7. Caramelized onions freeze well and can be kept in the refrigerator for up to 4 days.
    8. Caramelized onions also freeze well in airtight plastic bags.
    overhead shot of french onion chicken bake in a pan
    French Onion Chicken Bake with Caramelized Onions

    Make Ahead & Storage

    You can absolutely make your caramelized onions ahead of time. (They are fairly time consuming after all.) Feel free to cook these any where from 3-5 days in advance just be sure to allow them to cool to room temperature and transfer them to an airtight container before putting them in the fridge. Doing it this way will allow them to add caramelized onions to any of your favorite dishes.

    They are also freezer friendly. I like to package them in sandwich bags so they are measured out into 1 cup for easy thawing. Some folks even freeze them in smaller portions using ice cube trays. Freeze them, pop them out and put them all in one bag.

    caramelized onions on a wooden spoon

    More Onion Recipes

    French Baked Onions
    sliced onions with beef broth and sage
    French Baked Onions are the perfect dish when you want french onion soup without the soup. A side dish recipe perfect for any meal. 
    Seasoned Peas and Onions
    Close up peas and onions
    Easy side dish recipes don't get much better than this Seasoned Peas and Onions recipe! You can't beat a dish that only requires four ingredients!
    French Onion Dip
    Chip being dipped into French Onion Dip
    This French Onion Dip requires just 3 main ingredients and 5 minutes of prep. You’ll never buy sour cream and onion dip from the store again! 
    collage of how to caramelize onions for pinterest
    caramelized onions on a spoon
    Print Recipe
    5 from 9 votes

    How to Caramelize Onions

    Sweet, sticky and golden hued caramelized onions are perfect on sandwiches side and more. Learn how to caramelize onions here! 
    Prep Time5 mins
    Cook Time45 mins
    Total Time50 mins
    Course: Condiment
    Cuisine: American
    Keyword: caramelized onions, how to caramelize onions
    Servings: 1 1/2 cups
    Calories: 348kcal
    Author: Jessica Formicola

    Ingredients

    Instructions

    • Melt the butter in large frying pan over medium-low heat. Remember, slow and steady wins this race.
    • Add the onions, salt and sugar, toss to coat lightly in melted butter. Now you wait. Continue the heat at medium-low, toss every 5-10 minutes. If nothing is happens, increase heat slightly. If they are cooking too fast, reduce heat.
    • The onions will start to reduce. They are made mostly of water and as the water releases and evaporates, the onions will start to deflate and reduce in size. At around 20 minutes in you will get your first hint of the "caramel" color you are seeking.
    • At 45 minutes you will have a nice brown batch of onions. Depending on your taste buds and how you intend to use them, you can stop at any point in time. Do a taste test first to make sure they are nice and sweet.
    • If you've tried this recipe, come back and let us know how it was in the comments or star ratings.

    Video

    Notes

    Caramelized onions are great for freezing, so make a double, triple or quadruple batch! 

    Nutrition

    Calories: 348kcal | Carbohydrates: 34g | Protein: 3g | Fat: 23g | Saturated Fat: 14g | Cholesterol: 60mg | Sodium: 1179mg | Potassium: 481mg | Fiber: 5g | Sugar: 18g | Vitamin A: 700IU | Vitamin C: 24.4mg | Calcium: 76mg | Iron: 0.7mg
    image of jessica formicola

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